(29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, Italian Prime Minister 1922 – 1943. He ruled constitutionally until 1925, then dropped all pretense of democracy and set up a legal dictatorship. Known as Il Duce (The Leader), Mussolini was the founder of Italian Fascism. Executed by the Italian underground while trying to escape to Switzerland.
He left the Socialist party to advocate Italian intervention in World War I, during which he served as a rifleman. After the war, he decided his destiny was to re-create the Roman Empire and rule Italy as a modern Caesar. In 1919-1921 he created the paramilitary Fascist movement, used it to march on Rome, become prime minister, then seized dictatorial power in 1925-1926. The Italians subdued Libya (1922-1932), pacified Somalia (1923-1927), conquered Ethiopia (1935-1936), helped the Nationalists win the Spanish civil war (1936-1939), seized Albania (April 1939, and made Italy predominant in the Mediterranean-Red Sea region. These military adventures left his armed forces exhausted. He joined with Germany in 1939 for the war against France and Britain expected for 1943-1945, but was infuriated when Germany invaded Poland in September, 1939, with one week’s advanced notice to Italy. Italian military success after that was limited.
Don’t miss our blog series’:
The Nine Principles of Propaganda – begins with The Big Lie
The Nine Principles of Counterpropaganda – begins with Truth
Trump – Our Psychopathic President – Introduction
And our extensive examination of 25 years of propaganda war against Hillary Clinton – Death by Propaganda
Benito Mussolini on Propaganda
Democratic regimes may be defined as those in which, every now and then, the people are given the illusion of being sovereign, while the true sovereignty in actual fact resides in other forces which are sometimes irresponsible and secret.
The Socialists ask what is our program? Our program is to smash the heads of the Socialists.
The definition of fascism is The marriage of corporation and state.
Democracy is beautiful in theory; in practice it is a fallacy.
It’s good to trust others but, not to do so is much better.
Religion is man-made to assist in controlling the weak minded individuals because during times of atrocity and despair they feel strength in numbers.
There is no revolution that can change the nature of man.
State intervention in economic production arises only when private initiative is lacking or insufficient, or when the political interests of the State are involved. This intervention may take the form of control, assistance or direct management.
Let us have a dagger between our teeth, a bomb in our hands, and an infinite scorn in our hearts.
The truth is that men are tired of liberty.
Liberty is a duty, not a right.
If only we can give them faith that mountains can be moved, they will accept the illusion that mountains are moveable, and thus an illusion may become reality.
Fascism, the more it considers and observes the future and the development of humanity, quite apart from political considerations of the moment, believes neither in the possibility nor the utility of perpetual peace.
The history of saints is mainly the history of insane people.
The State, in fact, as the universal ethical will, is the creator of right.
Fascism is definitely and absolutely opposed to the doctrines of liberalism, both in the political and economic sphere.
Speeches made to the people are essential to the arousing of enthusiasm for a war.
At every hour of every day, I can tell you on which page of which book each school child in Italy is studying.
State ownership! It leads only to absurd and monstrous conclusions; state ownership means state monopoly, concentrated in the hands of one party and its adherents, and that state brings only ruin and bankruptcy to all.
The fate of nations is intimately bound up with their powers of reproduction. All nations and all empires first felt decadence gnawing at them when their birth rate fell off.
Socialism is a fraud, a comedy, a phantom, a blackmail.
Statesman only talk of fate when they have blundered.
We affirm that the true story of capitalism is now beginning, because capitalism is not a system of oppression only, but is also a selection of values, a coordination of hierarchies, a more amply developed sense of individual responsibility.
The press of Italy is free, freer than the press of any other country, so long as it supports the regime.
For us the national flag is a rag to be planted on a dunghill. There are only two fatherlands in the world: that of the exploited and that of the exploiters.
Quotation Sources and Links
1. Propaganda : AZQuotes.com